You have read the "Essays" of Montaigne and you want to start in this genre? An essay may cover a variety of subjects, it may be engaged or it may be the result of a reflection by the author. We will give you some tips for writing your essay.
A basic structure to respect
You have to know that the tests have a very rigid structure that you will have to follow. First of all the introduction, where you will try to hang the reader. You will have to present your problematic and introduce your plan (using questions for example). Your essay should include at least two parts, commonly known as development. There are three main types of plan: the Cartesian (introduction / thesis / antithesis and synthesis), logic (facts / causes and consequences) and explanation (analysis of the main terms of the subject illustrated with examples).
It is up to you to make your choice, according to your subject and your angle of reflection, knowing that the plan must be in agreement with the chosen problem. For example: if there is an opposition in this one, then it will be better to choose the Cartesian type plane. Finally, you will have to write a conclusion, in which you will have to answer your problem, briefly summarize your reflection and finally express your opinion (do not do it before). You can open your subject in the final sentence and suggest other approach angles, for example by asking a question.
Step One: Select a topic
You do not go into the writing of a trial head down, start by taking a sheet and write ideas, things that matter to you. Rank them and keep only the most relevant ones. At this stage of brainstorming, try to think of points of opposition in relation to your ideas, in order to be able to develop your argumentation, and to develop it by considering possible points of objection. If you see that there is not enough, or none, or on the contrary there is too much, it is better to abandon this idea, because it will be difficult to debate on it, and an idea badly brought little harm to The credibility of the whole. After all this, you should have passed the first step: define a basic topic.
Step 2: Organize your plan
Now is the time to start structuring your ideas. It is a draft plan. Some little tricks for this: you can write it as a diagram, or as a table, and with each main argument associate an example, a fact, something that comes to support it, to give this idea more strength and weight. Find out in which direction you want to develop this or that argument. Do not hesitate to cover your draft of arrows and circles, to highlight and underline, etc. Your goal is to deepen your subject to treat it as fully and as effectively as possible. This gives you the material to write a clear and accurate plan of your essay.
Step Three: Writing
Start writing your text. A test responds to specific rules as outlined above, you will need to balance the parts of your plan, harmonize the paragraphs, and so on. Write first the development, ending with the introduction and the conclusion. These parts are probably the most important parts of your book. The introduction will attract the reader, the conclusion will be what will mark him the most and which will allow him to understand and evaluate your reflection, to be convinced by your words. Try to be eye-catching.
Last step: re-reading
It is always necessary to reread several times, and to ask from an external point of view to do it for us, because often we end up no longer paying attention to his own faults. Make sure that you do not make off-topic, that the problem is present in each part, that you answer well at the end but that you do not take position before. In short, be critical and objective!
The golden rules: do not scatter and take your time
These are the keys to writing a good essay. This type of writing can deal with everything, it is a form of personal argument. It can be polemical, scientific, historical, philosophical, political, etc. Take time to think about your subject, and how you will develop it, heal the presentation in accordance with the structure and try to always keep a global view of your work. The most dangerous is to get away from its basic problem, repeat it regularly so as not to lose yourself. Take back your plan to see if it is consistent, if your sentences are not too long or difficult to understand. All these little things are important, so you always have to take your time when writing an essay, because it has to be: fluid, coherent and harmonious.